Patanjali Yoga, is a set of 196 sutra propounded by one of the foremost practitioners of Yoga in Tamil Nadu, India, by the name of Patanjali. Over the years it has become one of the most important texts on Yoga, little surprise since it is one of the foundational texts of Raja Yoga — the highest form of Yogic practice.
Patanjali’s yogic literature focusing on practices for uniting the body, mind, soul, spirit and environment. He proposes ways of settling the mind into a state of absolute stillness or silence. This state, Patanjali proposed, is a human being’s basic state, the one he ought to be in; this was his limitless consciousness and everyone is capable of achieving it through Yogic practices.
The sage suggested that to achieve this state it is essential we balance the energy we draw from our environment, which we derive from our 5 senses, with the energy we have within. He, therefore, laid down rules to draw energy from our senses, to maintain energy through food intake and practicing hygiene and finally channelizing it through meditation and exercises. This sutra, thus, is a philosophy unto itself as it shows us the path to alter our lives and help connect with the cosmos.