Food for diabetes patients
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease in which the diseased has high blood glucose (blood sugar) either because insulin production is inadequate, or the body cells do not respond to insulin. The diabetic patient will experience polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increasingly thirsty) and polyphagia (hungry).
The Food for Diabetes Patients: The affected person should take low glycemic load foods. The measure of the effects of carbohydrate on blood sugar level is called Glycemic Index. People who eat low glycemic food over a period of time are less prone to Type 2 Diabetes and coronary heart diseases as compared to people who love to eat their breakfast of parantha, poori or roti – the high glycemic foods. The meals should be kept free of flour, cornflakes, wheat and rice. They can kill with excess of starch and gluten allergy, which can aggravate the condition of diabetics. An ideal anti-diabetic breakfast should be a combination of eggs – fried, poached or scrambled in extra virgin olive oil – accompanied by tomato or mint dip followed by herbal or jasmine tea.
Breakfast is followed by a light snack of nuts and tea after 2 to 3 hours. Every Indian family should cook the food in three different varieties of cooking oils rich in the Omega-3 fatty acids,specially for diabetes patients which help in the production of natural insulin. These oils can be mustard oil, olive oil, clarified butter, flaxseed oil or coconut oil.
- The lunch and dinner can be of Omega-3 rich preparation of at least
- ½ plate with non starchy vegetables (carrots, salads, leafy greens, green beans,)
- ¼ plate with starches (peas, sweet potatoes, potatoes, cereal, grains, and legumes)
- ¼ plate with meat (lean beef, poultry, fish, eggs, tofu or cheese)
- One cup low fat milk
- One serving of fruit (fresh piece, not canned)
- To keep away from diabetes, one should avoid sugared foods. You should also stay away from Pretzels, cakes and pastries, bacon, whole milk, white bread, French fries, pancakes and syrup, raisins, fruit juice and candies.
- The carbohydrate level should remain around 60 to 70 percent of the total calorie intake by a diabetes patient, while proteins should make 12 to 18 percent of the total calories. The fat is best to 20 to 25 percent of the total calories.
Thus, avoiding sugared foods and maintaining a healthy weight can make one not affected by this disease.
There are 3 types of Diabetes:
1. Type 1 Diabetes: In this, the body does not produce insulin. It is also known as juvenile diabetes. It can occur to people in their late 40’s, in early adulthood or in teenage years. Patients suffering from Type 1 Diabetes need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They have to have proper blood sugar level and should undergo regular blood tests following a special diet. Type 1 Diabetes is not as common as Type 2 Diabetes. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are Type 1.
2. Type 2 Diabetes: For proper function, the body does not produce enough insulin. Worldwide, 90% of all cases of diabetes are of this category. For controlling Type 2 Diabetes, the patients should lose weight, follow a healthy diet, do a lot of exercise and monitor his/her blood glucose level. Type 2 Diabetes gets worse as the patient ages and the patient will end up taking insulin in the form of a tablet.
Obese people can develop Type 2 Diabetes easily as compared to those with healthy body weight. Being overweight, physically not active and eating wrong foods, all contribute to the occurrence of Type 2 Diabetes. As we get older, the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes is more. Men whose testosterone levels are low are also affected from Type 2 Diabetes.
3. Gestational Diabetes: Females are affected by it during pregnancy. Some women have very high levels of sugar in their blood. Their bodies are not capable enough to produce insulin to transport glucose into their cells. This results in high levels of glucose. The gestational diabetes patient can control their diabetes with exercise and diet.10% to 20% of the females needs to take some kind of blood-glucose controlling meications.Undiagnosed or uncontrolled diabetes can be highly risky at the time of childbirth. The baby can be bigger in size than he/she should be. The diet for females during pregnancy should be low in cholesterol and animal fat.