Low Blood Pressure – Symptoms,Causes,Diagnosis,Treatment

Low Blood Pressure - Symptoms,Causes,Diagnosis,TreatmentLow Blood Pressure – Symptoms,Causes,Diagnosis,Treatment

What is Low Blood Pressure?

Many people believe that it is better to have a low blood pressure than a high blood pressure.However, for many people low blood pressure can cause dizziness and fainting. In severe cases low blood pressure can be life threatening. A blood pressure reading of 90 millimetres of mercury or less systolic blood pressure or 60 mm Hg or less diastolic blood pressure is generally considered low blood pressure.

Low Blood Pressure Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of low blood pressure are as follows:

1. Dizziness

2. Fainting

3. Lack of concentration

4. Cold, pale skin

5. Nausea

6. Rapid shallow breathing

7. Fatigue

8. Depression

9. Thirst

Low Blood Pressure Causes:

The normal blood pressure is as lower than 120/80 mm Hg.Conditions that can cause low blood pressure is as follows:

1. Pregnancy

2. Heart problems

3. Endocrine problems

4. Dehydration

5. Blood Loss

6. Severe infection (septicaemia)

7. Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)

8. Lack of nutrients in your diet

There are certain medications too that can lead to low blood pressure.Also, there are different types of blood pressure like:

1. Low Blood pressure on standing up

2. Low blood pressure after eating

3. Low blood pressure from faulty brain signals

4. Low blood pressure due to nervous system damage

Tests and Diagnosis of Low Blood Pressure

The goal for testing a low blood pressure is to find the underlying cause for the same. This helps in determining the correct treatment and identifies any heart, brain or nervous system problem. Your doctor can recommend the following measures:

1. Blood Pressure test

2. Blood tests

3. Electrocardiogram

4. Echocardiogram

5. Stress test

6.Valsalva Maneuver

7. Tilt table test

Low Blood Pressure Treatment:

When one experiences brief episodes of dizziness when standing, then it rarely requires treatment. If you have symptoms of low blood pressure, then doctor would like to find the underlying cause for the same – dehydration, heart failure, diabetes or hypothyroidism. When low blood pressure is caused by medication then the doctor will advise you to change the dose or stop it immediately. You can follow the following steps and raise your low blood pressure:

1. Use more salt

2. Drink more water

3. Wear compression stockings

4. Take Medications

Low Blood Pressure Remedies:

You may like to take certain steps into account for raising your low blood pressure:

1. Drink more of water, less alcohol: Alcohol leads to dehydration and can lower down your blood pressure. On the other hand, water hydrates the body and increases blood volume.

2. Take a healthy diet: Take a healthy diet comprising of whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, lean chicken and fish.

3. be slow when changing body positions: Be slow when you rise from your bed in the morning. Or stand in a different pose slowly while standing only.

4. Eat small, low carb meals: To help preventing your blood pressure dropping sharply after meals, eat small portions several times a day and limit the intake of high carbohydrate foods such as potatoes, rice, pasta and bread.