Facial pores – causes and management of Facial pores

What are Facial Pores

Pores on skin correspond to hair, both facial and on body. Though most pores, like hair, can’t be seen, they exist and have the potential to become larger and more visible in future – a major cosmetic concern as smooth looking skin demands small pores. Though there’s no way to reduce the size of skin pores permanently, it can be done temporarily. But before that, it is important to maintain clean skin pores as THAT
is the key to a truly radiant skin.

Since your face is the most delicate and exposed part of your body, maintaining clean facial skin pores is a big challenge. Environmental dirt and natural oils, which are secreted in response to our harsh environment, collect around your pores and clog them by creating a pile of dead skin cells. These conditions are prime for bacteria to grow, which then cause inflammation. Inflammations can sound simple but are tedious when they come in breakouts; all the rubbing, squeezing and popping of acne will only make  matters worse. Not only do they leave marks, they leave pores larger thus allowing easier collection of dirt which started the problem in the first place.

Facial pores are a cruel reality and no wishing away will ever help. Pores are there to stay, and thankfully so, since they’re vital to your skin’s health. Having said that, we all understand the cosmetic concerns that they pose. So, the best thing with pores, like with stress, is to learn to manage them.

How to manage Facial Pores

Promises of shrinking large skin pores made by creams and cosmetic products are factually incorrect. Pores shrink, but never permanently. So  the best you will be able to achieve are temporary results, which will keep you away from invasive techniques of cosmetic skin maintenance.

The problem of large pores mostly becomes worrisome for those with an oily skin, thanks to oil, dirt and dead cell build up. Use a gentle cleanser  at least two times a day. But never scrub a lot. Though it will leave your skin dry making you feel like you’ve accomplished what you set out to do. Effectively, what happens is that your skin ends up secreting extra oil because of the unnatural dryness, making your skin more oily. The same  thing happens when we use rough cloth to scrub off dead skin. Thus, exfoliate at least once a week and ideally, twice.

But these are ways to keep the pore problem from exacerbating.

There are several OTC creams, like retinoid creams, that reduce appearance of large pores by checking bacterial growth. These creams also treat UV damage which is the second biggest reason for appearance of large pores. And, always use good sunscreen and good make-up.

Home Remedy for Facial Pores

The cosmetic industry offers many advanced pore cleansing treatments, like chemical peeling and dermabrasion. But these are for extreme cases. To remove the everyday oil, dirt and dry, dead skin cells that clog your pores everyday, which, if left uncleaned will lead to blackheads and acne, it is best to try the following simple ways to unclog pores at home.

  • Steaming: before giving steam treatment to your facial skin, remove make-up and wash you face with warm (NEVER hot) water to open the pores. Pat dry. Bring a pot of water to boil. Immediately place a towel over your head, make a tent and lean over the steaming water, not too close. Let your skin soak in the steam for 10 minutes or as comfortable. Rinse with cold water to wash away dirst from pores and close them. Apply moisturizer. Best done before bedtime.
  • Facial masks: Use clay mask (clay, water and oatmeal paste) to cleanse and dry pores at the same time; best for oily skin. Apply the paste and scrub to loosen the dirt and let it sit till it dries. Wash your face several times with plain water, pat dry and moisturize. For dry skin, use chickpea powder mask (chickpea, water and milk).

Of the millions of pores that exist on your body only a very, very small percentage are visible. And minimizing the appearance of pores is the best option available. However, this too shall not be a permanent change.

So, developing certain daily beauty rituals is key to managing facial pores.

  1. Step one, is to always sleep after having removed your makeup. In fact, remove make up immediately after coming home; it prevents pore blockage.
  2. Step two, is protection from the sun. UV exposure and aging thicken skin’s outer layer, expediting the process of cell accumulation around pores in volcano-like formations, making them look bigger. An extension of this point, is keeping skin free of dead skin cells, which also collect around the edges of pores in ridges, making them look bigger. Consult your dermatologist for appropriate medication.
  3. Step three, check oiliness. Larger pores produce more oil. Washing your face regularly to check oil secretion helps in temporarily shrinking the pores. Similar effects can also be achieved by using solutions or medications that dry out the skin.


The other simple home remedies to exfoliating pores include blackhead removal and using facial brushes.

Diet for Glowing Skin – what to eat to get a glowing skin

Each food has something to offer, so what one must choose while drawing a chart to keep skin glowing will depend on the deficiencies one has. Marks of deficiencies are clearly visible through the health of our skin. Read on to understand what different food groups offer to counter certain  skin aging processes.

The human body does not produce essential fatty acids (Omega-3 and Omega-6) so they must be consumed through oily fish like sardines, tuna  and salmon, as also nuts and seeds, and soya beans. Best sources: Almonds, walnuts, soya beans and flax seed oil. Caution: Reduce intake of  saturated and processed fats as they cancel the effect of essential fatty acids.

Antioxidants destroy free radicals generated by chemicals through too much sun exposure and stress. Vitamins A (forms new skin cells), C (acts against free radical damage and produces collagen) and E, some of the B complex vitamins (keeps skin moist and smooth) make skin glow,  reduce dark spots and prevent diseases like cancer by preventing collagen damage. Make friends with coloured berries, fruits and vegetables.

To keep blemishes and stubborn stretch marks at bay, consume zinc-rich foods like seafood, turkey, cheese, yeast, eggs and mushrooms.

Pale, lifeless, ghost-like ashen complexion and dark circles under the eyes are signs of iron deficiency, consume liver, seafood, eggs and green leafy vegetables to return that deep blush to your cheeks.

Tips for Glowing Skin – How can I get glowing Skin

Skin or the epidermal layer is the best sign of good health. So, to ensure you have a glowing skin, keep your body healthy. Easier said than done, especially given our modern ways. Given that you are free of ailments, keeping your skin glowing and healthy is a matter of following these simple steps:

  • Manage stress: Tension causes the protective layer of skin to crack,allowing in bacteria and other foreign bodies leading to skin conditions like acne, psoriasis and eczema. To keep stress at ahealthy level, learn breathing exercises to ensure oxygen rich blood pumps through the body; prioritize, choose what’s most important in your day, do those things and manage the rest on weekends and then learn to ask for help or say NO; make time for leisure, do things that make you happy.
  • Soak in the sun, not UV: Bronze skin is a gift. While tanning helps achieve similar results naturally, it comes at a cost if skin is left unprotected from UV rays, which cause dark spots, wrinkles blotchiness and leathery skin. Apply a mild sunscreen, and reapply every 2 hours and stay in shade in mid-noon. Your facial skin is especially delicate, use a hat while tanning.
  • Eat well, drink well: And we talk of healthy salads, low-fat food with plenty of water! A well balanced diet of greens, dairy, protein and whole grains are your best friends. Drink 10 glasses of water a day and go nuts over nuts and berries. Say no to sugar, the end result is never sweet.
  • Sleeping ritual: Sleeping is body’s rejuvenation time, so allow your body at least 6 hours of sleep a day, but never before washing yourface clean of dust, pollution and make-up.
  • Finally, don’t smoke since it damages collagen and elastin, the elixir of youth.

Types of Manicure

Like hair, nails too can be pampered in different ways and should be too considering that hands are one of the most used parts of the body and its skin interacts most with the environment, leaving the nails looking unkempt, unsightly. While mostly misunderstood as a hot water soak and nail pain job, the manicure is actually a way of restoring health and beauty of our hands. Since the care required is varied, one must understand what types of manicure are offered by salons and spas.

How different is a manicure will depend on the type of products used and the final treatment given to nails.

Types of manicuresHere are the basic types of manicures:

1)      Regular Manicure: It’s the soapy soak one does in hot water. The skin dead is allowed to soak and soften, then scrubbed off and moisturized. Nails are cut, shaped and you’re set free! Most salons like to make this Plain Jane fanciful by adding various oils and essence of flowers.

2)      The French Manicure: A classic, the French Manicure will give your nails a clean, fresh and chic look. And as with all classics, it goes with everything! After the usual soapy-soak and massage ritual, the cuticles are cleansed thoroughly and shaped any which way you want – square, round, close cropped, pointed. A clear or coloured nail polish is applied over the nail barring a thin strip near the tip which is then polished white. At the end of the process what you get is a perfectly vibrant look.

3)      The Reverse French manicure: A look that first started from the runways in Europe, it was a quirky answer to the stiff-nosed purists who staunchly stuck to French manicures. This manicure is literally the reverse of French Manicure as the moon of the nail is painted white while the rest is done in retained in a pink or beige tone; the style has been adopted with different colours as well.

4)      Paraffin manicure: Paraffin, or heated wax, immediately infuses the skin with moisture and leaves it feeling smooth and supple. Therefore, it is a must for those with overworked, rough or dry hands. The manicure is finished with a stimulating hand massage and basic curing of nails. Since the paraffin manicure is something most women would desire, most salons have an option of adding it to the fashion-driven choice you make. 

5)    European manicure: This treatment is the Plain Jane bathed in a blend of herbs and water, shaped perfectly and polished with the colour of your choice.

What is SPF? How do I choose the right SPF?

What is SPF?

SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor. It is a measure of how well does a sunscreen screen your skin from the sun’s UVB rays — radiation that causes sunburns and skin damage. Thus, it’s a measure of UVB protection, not UVA.

More simply said, a sunscreen delays the ‘burn time’ of your skin. That is, if your skin were to burn after 20 minutes of sun exposure, applying a lotion with SPF 15 will allow you to soak in the warmth for 15 times longer without any damage.

So, does this mean SPF 30 is twice as effective as SPF 15? Not really, Mind you, this is an estimate. Different concentration of SPF must be used for different skin types.

Lakme Sun Screen

Studies have shown that SPF offers 93% sun protection, while SPF 30 only gives you 4% more protection. Also using half of SPF 30 will not give you the same result as SPF 15. Studies say it gives you the protection of SPF 5.5!

Even really high SPFs, such as 75 or 100, only mislead people into thinking they are more protected. To have greater protection, the UVA should be 33% of UVB, but high SPF sunscreens only have high UVB, not UVA protection.

So, what to do? Well, use a mild SPF and reapply every few hours; preferably every 2 hours.

Manicure at home

Manicure basically comes from Latin words manus and cura, meaning hands and care, respectively i.e. handcare.

Manicure at HomeThere are various types of manicures that you can indulge in. A simple manicure is basically a cosmetic procedure of cleansing one’s hands and nails of dead skin, massaging the hands for better blood flow and shaping the nails. In some cases, it can include applying nail polish or applying fake nails for enhancing one’s beauty. But there’s more to this procedure than soak, scrub and dab-dry. It is also time consuming which is why it is mostly done in beauty salons. Since the procedure came before the parlour, here’s how to do a manicure at home.

  • Take a bowl of warm, soapy water and soak your fingers for 30 minutes. This will make it easier to trim nails and remove dead skin. However, if you have old nail polish still on, remove it with acetone before starting with the procedure.
  • Rinse hands with plain water, pat dry and push in any cuticles that may have stuck out because of the water’s warmth; cutting or tearing off cuticles often results in infection.
  • Trim and file your nails in a U-shape or a square.
  • If you plan to give yourself a French manicure, rub lemon over your nails and keep it for 5 minutes to dull the yellowness.
  • Wash and apply a lotion on your hands, massaging them gently to nourish the skin and leave for about ten minutes.
  • Polish your nails and look oh-so-pretty!

Anti Wrinkle Creams

Looking young/younger is a full time preoccupation for many people, especially if you’re a woman. That society puts extreme pressure on us to look attractive and young is hardly a new observation, and our commercials are a testimony to that.

Looking good on TV however is a lot easier than looking good in real life, thanks to photoshop. But since our ideals have become glossy unrealistic images, the war to battle age has taken on new cosmetic proportions. While the popularity of anti-wrinkle creams have taken a beating since the advent of botox, there is nothing simpler, and more economical, than a good, old anti-wrinkle cream.

Anti Wrinkle CreamsWhile creams don’t reverse aging, they certainly mask it effectively making your skin look instantly plum and soft; some even promote growth of collagen. Most anti-wrinkle creams are non-prescription, over-the-counter and the success of this magical youth-in-a-bottle depends on whether the active ingredient in your anti-wrinkle cream matches your skin type, age and need. Factors like how much cream you use and for how long also defines the results.

There are however a few ingredients that positively have anti-wrinkle properties, like retinol, hydroxy acids, coenzyme q10, copper peptides, kinetin and tea extracts.

These creams also offer other cosmetic benefits, like lowering skin pigmentation and puffiness.

Natural Anti Aging Tips For Skin

There are two simple ways of embracing aging skin: defence and offence.

Anti Ageing
Source- Agein.com

If you’re lucky, you’ve just started seeing your skin become dry, lifeless and fine lines appear on it. But if you’ve crossed the initial stage then your best bet is a good self image, great nutrition,  facial exercises and peptides.

Let’s begin with defence. The best defence, and even offence, against aging is pumping collagen, the fountain of youth for your skin. Since collagen is a protein, eat it. Yes! Certainly buy jars of youthful protein for instant results, but here’s what’ll never fail you: Dark green vegetables for high nutritional content, red fruits and vegetables for lycopene, like tomatoes, foods rich in Omega-3 and soy, in moderation.

Slow and steady, they’ll hold you in good stead, but it’s never bad to go karate-chop on wrinkles. So, exercise. Flush out all the toxic sweets and fat with sweat and see your skin tighten and glow. Key here, is to moisturize regularly; wash your face, rid it of dead skin and choose a cream in accordance with your skin type. Simultaneously, drink green teas and tease those around you aplenty. The latter will bust stress and give you a much needed facial workout, important for retaining youthfulness.

For those on the offense, screening out the UV is top priority. After that, creams and lotions rich in retinoic acid are your best friends. Many also suggest hydroxyacids, but since these are found naturally in fruits and milk, use face packs and creams containing the at least one or both.

Skin Diseases

The human skin is the largest organ which has multiple functions. From the beauty point of view, it keeps you from looking like a mass of moving scary muscle which ought to be in a museum. But more practically speaking, it helps us communicate with the environment, protects us against pathogens, expels waste, controls body temperature and synthesizes Vitamin D. These varied functions also make the skin most susceptible to becoming diseased.

beautiful skinThe skin indicates its diseased form most quickly. Depending on the nature of the disease, the skin may change color, texture, or it may become hot, swollen, slimy or scaly. Insect bites, contact with various substances, and allergic reactions can all cause skin disease.

Like infections, for example, are mostly caused by bacteria and fungi, the site of which may vary from the face to the foot. These skin diseases can typically be treated with application of medications on the surface.

While most skin diseases heal on their own, if they appear to be growing rapidly worse or it does not resolve within a week. So changes in the skin should be closely monitored, as some skin diseases can be very dangerous, and skin disease can also be a sign of an underlying medical problem, like cancers, hormonal imbalances, nutritional deficiencies, and a host of other problems.

Some skin diseases are congenital, meaning that they are caused by genetics. Management of such diseases is often focused on keeping the patient comfortable and dealing with the symptoms, as the disease may not be curable.

Everything said, there are hundreds of skin diseases in the world. But only a fraction of these appear routinely. So keep your eyes peeled.

Skin Rejuvenation treatments

Like you, your skin will change throughout your life, for better or worse. Since its on guard against infections and germs 24×7, proper skin care is essential to maintaining the health and vitality of this protective organ. It regenerates itself every 27 days, approximately. So if the skin is so self-sufficient, why should you step in?

Well, simply because today, we do more to our skin than we did even a few decades back. Our skin battles excessive pollution, premature aging, thanks to stress and bad sleep, bad eating habits, make-up, chemicals of all sorts and surgeries! Your skin needs help, and a simple facial is not the answer.

Besides changing your diet, depending on your deficiencies, here’s a step-by-step look at clinical skin rejuvenation:

  • Finding a treatment: If a person’s skin is not according to his/her age, it indicates ill-health and thus a doctor should suggest a treatment.
  • Cleansing: The dermatologist cleanses the skin using medicated cleaners, thus removing the dirt, dust, debris and blackheads, if any, on the upper most layer of the skin.
  • Microdermabrasion: For people in the age category of 18-28 years, this treatment is suggested where the dead outermost surface of the skin is partially or completely removed by light abrasion (scrape). It also works on sun-damaged skin and scars and dark spots.
  • Photo facial: Mostly done on people who show signs of ageing or are above their 30s. This works on the ideology of collagen remodelling which is the building block of our skin. IPL removes the tan, dead skin, open pores and renews elastic tissues, whereas a photo facial removes fine lines and bringing in evenness in the skin tone.
  • Face pack: Face packs are used to let the skin settle down after treatments.
  • Post treatment: A protection care and regime has to be followed. Doctors recommend applying sun screen on the skin’s exposed area and drinking lot of water.